With regard to their structure and their occurrence, cells can be divided into different types. The following pictures show the basic cell types and where they can be found.
Here you can find four different worksheets. They focus either on the structure of a certain type of cell or on how different cell types compare with each other with regard to their structure.
You can download these WORD or PDF documents by clicking on the yellow buttons.
Solutions for all four of these worksheets can be found in our Online Shop.
(Cells - Structure of a Plant Cell - Solution,
Cells - Structure of a Prokaryotic Cell - Solution,
Cells - Comparing Plant and Animal Cells - Solution,
Cells - Comparing Cell Types - Solution)
In most biology classes, animal and plant cells are the only types of eukaryotic cells that get any attention. However, fungi and protists are eukaryotic organisms too.
By clicking on the yellow button "PPS: Structure of Fungal Cells", you download an interactive PowerPoint show which lets you explore the cell organelles present in fungal cells, and compare the structure of fungal cells with plant and animal cells.
Sketch of a Fungal Cell
Beyond being able to identify these major types of cells, a multitude of (eukaryotic) cell types can also be found within the same multi-cellular organism.
As various parts of the body of a multi-cellular organism (organs, tissues) fulfill different functions, the cells of these parts are shaped in specific ways, in order to be suited to their defined tasks. Thus, cells performing a certain task have specific features, such as shape, and size, as well as distribution and amount of particular cell organelles, that enable them to accomplish their function most effectually.
Exercises focusing on this aspect can be found in the section “More Exercises on Cells".
Materials for Language Support:
A list of 18 vocabulary words related to this chapter ("Cell Types") as well 14 phrases for comparing are available in our Online Shop.
They correspond with the set of 18 vocabulary cards on cell types and a set of 14 vocabulary cards on phrases for comparing, both also available in our Online Shop.
(CLIL - Vocabulary - Comparing Cell Types,
CLIL - Vocabulary Cards - Cell Types,
CLIL - Vocabulary Cards - Phrases for Comparing)